Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Traffic Authorities in India



Traffic Authorities in India

Traffic Offences and Penalties in India
State Wise - Regional Transport Offices (R.T.O.) Series
Driving License in India
Frequently Used Forms at RTO's
Traffic Authorities in India
The transport Department is one of the largest revenue earning departments. dealing with various transport related matters like driving licenses, registration of motor vehicles, grant and renewal of permits and other regulatory and enforcement services. The transport department works under the provision of the section 213 of the MV Act, 1988. The transport department is primarily established for enforcement of the provisions of the motor vehicle act, 1988.

Working Authorities:
Transport Department works with two of the concerned authorities, under Section 68 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. These are discussed below:
1. State Transport Authority: The main functions of the State Transport Authority are:

o To co-ordinate and regulate the activities and policies of the Regional Transport
Authorities.
o Entering into bilateral agreements with other States.
o To d ecide the quota for counter signature permits.
o Grant of All India and State wide permits.

2. Regional Transport Authority: The main functions of the Regional Transport Authority
are:
o To exercise and discharge the powers and functions conferred on them under the
provisions of Motor Vehicles Act, which mainly relate to control of transport by way
of grant of permits.

Services Provided by R.T.O:
Regional Transport Office provides the following services:
1. Related to Driving License:
o Issuing learner license.
o Renewal of learner license.
o Issuing driving license.
o Renewal of driving license (issued in same and other office).
o Endorsement in driving license.
o Noting change of address in learner and driving license.
o Issuing International driving permit.
o Conductor license
And related services.
2. Related to Registration of Vehicles
o Temporary registration of vehicles.
o Permanent registration of vehicles.
o Transfer of ownership.
o Entry of hypothecation/ hire-purchase/ lease agreement.
o Termination of hypothecation/ hire-purchase/ lease agreement.
o Change of address.
o Issue of no objection certificate.
o Issue of clearance certificate
And related transactions.

3. Collection of Tax
o Payment of tax
Enforcement
The services granted by these authorities are regulated, monitored and enforced by two of the
Enforcement Agencies:
· Enforcement wing of the transport department.
· Traffic police.
If in any case somebody violates the rules and regulations related to traffic laws – an offence then
they are bound to issue Challans against the offender under some penal actions as per M.V Act,
1988.

Some Related Acts
M.V.A. Motor Vehicle Act, 1988
C.M.V.R. Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989
D.M.V.R. Delhi Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989
R.R.R. Rules of Road Regulation, 1989

Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules, titled "Rules of the Road Regulation", were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheelers), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these "Rules of Road Regulation" is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the "Motor
Vehicle Act". Enforcement of these traffic laws - rules, regulations and acts can bear out the road accidents. These laws are enforced by issuing challans in the name of the offenders and teaching them a lesson by making them pay penalties. An indicative list of the possible offences and their respective penalties is formulated below:
1. OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
1.1 Driving without a Valid License
Rs. 500/- and /or
imprisonment ( 3
months)
3 r/w 181 MVA
1.2
Allowing vehicle to be driven by
a person who does not possess a
Valid License.
Rs. 1000/- and/or
imprisonment ( 3
months)
5 r/w 180 MVA
1.3
Not carrying documents as
required.
Rs. 100/- 130(3) r/w 177 MVA
1.4 Driving without Valid Insurance.
Rs. 1000/- and/or
imprisonment ( 3
months)
130 r/w 177 MVA
1.5 Driving without Valid Permit. Rs. 5000/- ( not less
than Rs. 2000/-)
130 r/w 177 MVA
1.6 Driving without Valid Fitness. Rs. 5000/- ( not less
than Rs. 2000/-)
130 r/w 177 MVA
1.7 Vehicle without R.C. Rs 2000/- 39 r/w192 MVA
2. OFFENCES RELATED TO DRIVING
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
2.1.1 Driving by Minor . Rs. 500/- 4 r/w 181 MVA
2.1.2

Allowing Unauthorized person to drive .
Rs. 1000/- 5 r/w 180 MVA
2.1.3 Driving without Helmet. Rs. 100/- 129 r/w177 MVA
2.1.4 Seat Belts not fastened. Rs. 100/- 138(3) CMVR
177 MVA
2.1.5 Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving . Rs. 1000/- 184 MVA
2.1.6 Dangerous or hasty Driving.
Rs.1000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)
112-183 MVA
2.1.7 Not Driving in Proper Lane. Court Challan 66 r/w 192 MVA
2.1.8
Driving in the center and not to
left side.
Rs.100/- 2 RRR r/w 177 MVA
2.1.9 Driving against One Way. Rs.100/- 17 (i) RRR 177 MVA
2.1.10 Reversing without due care and
attention.
Rs. 100/- MMVR 233
177 MVA
2.1.11 Taking “U” turn during outlawed
hours.
Rs.100/- 12 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.12
Failing to take precaution while
taking a “Turn”.
Rs.100/-
3 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.13
Failing to decelerate at
intersection.
Rs.100/-
8 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.14
Failing to carry on left of traffic
island.
Rs.100/-
2 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.15 Carrying persons on Footboard. Rs.100/- 123-177 MVA
2.1.16 Carrying persons causing
hindrance to the driver.
Rs.100/- 125-177 MVA
2.1.17 Trippling. Rs. 100/- 128/177 MVA
2.1.18 Driving on Footpath. Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA
2.1.19 Stopping at pedestrian crossing
or crossing a Stop Line.
Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA
2.2 Road Marking Related Offences
2.2.1 Violation of Yellow Line. Rs. 100/- 119/177 MVA
2.2.2 Violation of Stop Line. Rs. 100/- 113(1)/177 DMVR
2.2.3 Violation of Mandatory Signs . Rs. 100/- 119/177 MVA
2.3 Number Plate Related Offences
2.3.1

Use of Offensive Number Plate
for vehicle used in driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.3.2 Displaying 'Applied For'. Rs. 4500/- 39/192 MVA
2.4 Vehicle Light Related Offences
2.4.1
Improper use of headlights/tail
light for vehicle used in driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.4.2
Using High Beam where not
required.
Rs. 100/-
112(G) A DMVR
177 MVA
2.5 Horn Related Offences
2.5.1 Driving without Horn. Rs. 100/- 119(1)/177 CMVR
2.5.2
Improper horn usage while
driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.6 Traffic Police Related Offences
2.6.1
Disobeying Traffic Police Officer
in uniform.
Rs. 100/-
119 MVA
22(a) RRR
177 MVA
2.6.2 Driving against Police Signal. Rs. 100/- 119 r/w 177 MVA
2.6.3 Disobeying manual Traffic Signal. Rs. 100/-
239 MMVR
22(a) RRR
177 MVA
2.7 Traffic Signal Related Offences
2.7.1
Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign
Board.
Rs. 100/-
22(b) RRR
239 MMVR
177 MVA
2.7.2 Failing to give Signal. Rs. 100/-
121 RRR
177 MVA
2.7.3 Jumping Signal. Rs.100/- 119/177 MVA
2.8 Speed and Overtake Related Offences
2.8.1
Exceeding the prescribed Speed
Limits.
Up to Rs.1000/- 112-183 MVA
2.8.2 Abetment for Over Speeding . Rs.300/- 112/183(2) MVA
2.8.3 Overtaking perilously. Rs.100/- 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA
2.8.4
Failing to confer way to sanction
Overtaking.
Rs.100/-
7 RRR
177 MVA
2.8.5 Overtaking from Wrong Side . Rs. 100/- RRR 6/1/177 MVA
2.9 Other Offences
2.9.1 Disobeying Lawful Directions. Rs. 500/- 132/179 MVA
2.9.2
Driving under influence of
Alcohol / Drugs.
Rs.2000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)
185 MVA
2.9.3
Using Mobile Phone while
Driving.
Up to 1000/- 184 MVA
2.9.4
Leaving vehicle in unoccupied
engine.
Rs.100/- 126-177 MVA
2.9.5
Leaving vehicle in unsafe
position.
Rs.100/- 122 177 MVA
2.9.6 In case of a minor Accident. Rs. 1000/- 184 MVA
2.9.7 Playing music while Driving. Rs. 100/- 102/177 MVA
2.9.8 Driving without Silencer. Rs. 100/- 120/190(2)/177CMVR
2.9.9 Driving when mentally or
physically unfit.
Court Challan 186 MVA
3. OFFENCES RELATED TO TOWING OF VEHICLES
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
3.1 Two Wheeler. Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA
3.2
Car , Jeep, Taxi, Auto
Rickshaw.
Rs.200/- RRR 177 MVA
3.3 Truck, Tanker, Trailor. Rs.600/- RRR 177 MVA
4. OFFENCES RELATED TO POLLUTION
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
4.1 Smoking in Public Transport. Rs. 100/- 86(1)(5)/177 DMVR
4.2 Pollution Not Under Control. Rs. 100/- 99(1)(a)/177 DMVR
4.3 Fixing multi-toned/shrill horn. Rs.500/- 119 CMVR
190(2) MVA
4.4 Blowing Pressure Horn. Rs. 100/- 96(1)/177 DMVR
4.5 Silencer/muffler making noise. Rs.500/-
CMVR 120
190(2) MVA
4.6 Smoky Exhaust. Rs.500/-
115 CMVR
190(2) MVA
4.7 Using horn in Silence Zone. Rs.100/-
21(ii) RRR
177 MVA
5. OFFENCES RELATED TO MOTOR VEHICLES
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
5.1
Using Vehicle in Unsafe
Conditions.
Court Challan 192 MVA
5.2
When motor vehicle is out of
state for more than 12
months.
Rs.100/- 47-177 MVA
5.3
Particulars to be printed on
transport vehicles.
Rs.100/- 84(G)-177 MVA
5.4 Without Wiper Rs.100/-
CMVR 101
5,12 177 MVA
5.4 Without Side Mirror. Rs.100/- 5, 7/177 MVA
5.5 Defective tyres. Rs.100/- CMVR 94
5.6
No indication board on left
hand drive vehicle.
Rs.100/- 120, 177 MVA
5.7
Sale of motor vehicle/alteration
of motor vehicle in
contravention of Act.
Rs.300/-
52/191 MVA, 32/192.66/192
MV Act
5.8 Vehicles fitted with dark
glasses/sun films.
Rs.100/- 100 CMVR
177 MVA
5.9
Driving without proper number
plate/ illuminating rear number
plate.
Rs.100/-
236 MMVR
177 MVA
5.10
Failing to display public carrier
board.
Rs.100/-
116 MMVR
177 MVA
5.11
Using private vehicle for
commercial purposes.
Rs. 5000/-
( not less than Rs. 2000/-)
-
5.12
Any sort of misconduct with
passengers, not wearing
uniform/not displaying badge.
Rs.100/-
MMVR 21(18)
177 MVA
5.13 Overloading a goods vehicle. Rs. 2000/-plus Rs. 1000/-
for every additional ton.
MMVR 93(u)(i)
177 MVA
5.14 Carrying goods in a dangerous
or hazardous manner.
Imprisonment and/or fine of
Rs. 3000/-
29 RRR
177 MVA
5.15
Infringement of permit
conditions.
Imprisonment and/or fine of
Rs. 5000/-( not less than
Rs. 2000/-)
-
5.16 Use of Colored light on Vehicle Rs. 100/- 97(2)/177 DMVR
6. OFFENCES RELATED TO COMMERCIAL VEHICLES
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
6.1 Plying in 'NO ENTRY' Time Upto 2000/- 115/194 MVA
6. Violation of Time Table Court Challan 11/177, 2/177, 66/192 MVA
6.2 High and Long / Load in
Vehicles
Rs. 100/- 29 RRR/177 MVA
6.3
Carrying animals in goods
vehicles in contravention of
rules.
Rs.100/-
MMVR 83
177 MVA
6.4
Carrying persons dangerously
or carrying persons in goods
vehicles.
Rs.100/-
MMVR 108
177 MVA
6.5 Goods in Passenger Vehicles - -
6.6 Dangerous projection of goods. Rs.100/-
229 MMVR
29 RRR
177 MVA
6.7 Carrying goods unsecured. Rs.100/- MMVR 202
177 MVA
6. Carrying goods more than 11 Rs.100/- MMVR 93(u) (i)
feet high. 177 MVA
6. Limit Of weight and limitation
on Use.
Court Challan 113/194(1) MVA
6. Driver refuses to weigh
vehicle.
Court Challan 114/194(2) MVA
6.9 Load on Tail Board. Rs.100/- MMVR 202
177 MVA
6.10 Misbehavior by Taxi/TSR
Driver.
Rs. 100/- 11(3)/177 DMVR
6.11 Over Charging by Taxi/TSR
Driver.
Rs. 100/- 11(8)/177 DMVR
6.12 Charging without Meter. Rs. 100/- 11(8)/177 DMVR
6.13 Refusal by Taxi/TSR Driver. Rs. 100/- 11(9)/177 DMVR
6.14 Driver without Uniform. Rs. 100/- 7/177 DMVR
6.14 Driver without Badge. Rs. 100/- 22(1)/177 DMVR
6.15 Conductor without Uniform. Rs. 100/- 23(1)/177 DMVR
6.16 Conductor without Badge. Rs. 100/- 22(1)/177 DMVR
6.17 Stopping without Bus stop Court Challan 66/192 MVA
6.18
Power to detain Vehicle used in
contravention of section 3.4,39
or 66(1) MV Act.
Court Challan 207(1) MVA
7. OFFENCES RELATED TO PARKING
S.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY SECTION
7.1 Parking in the direction of flow
of traffic.
Rs.100/- 22(a) RRR
177 MVA
7.2 Parking away from footpath
towards road.
Rs.100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.3 Parking against flow of traffic. Rs.100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.4 Parking causing Obstruction. Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.5 Parking on a Taxi Stand. Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.6 Parking in not any prescribed
manner.
Rs. 100/- 15(1) RRR
177 MVA
7.7 Parking at any Corner. Rs. 100/- 15(i) RRR
177 MVA
7.8 Parking within 15 meters on
either side of Bus Stop.
Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.9 Parking on Bridge. Rs. 100/- 15(2) (i) RRR
177 MVA
7.10 Parking at Traffic Island. Rs. 100/- 15(i) RRR
177 MVA
7.11 Parking in “No” Parking Area. Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.12 Parked on Pedestrian Crossing. Rs. 100/- 15(2)(iii) RRR
177 MVA
7.13 Parking on Footpath. Rs. 100/- 15(2)(ii) RRR
177 MVA
7.14 Parking in front of a gate. Rs. 100/-
15(2)(viii) RRR
177 MVA
7.15 Parking causing obstruction. Rs. 100/-
15(1) RRR
177 MVA
RRR: Rules of Road Regulations 1989
MVA: Motor Vehicles Act 1988
MMVR: Maharasthra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
CMVR: Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
Besides these provisions, it is mandatory for every driver driving, to carry the following documents
while driving:
S.No Documents
1 Valid driving license.
2 Vehicle Registration Certificate.
3 Road Tax Token.
4 Pollution under Control Certificate.
5 Current Insurance Certificate.
Any driver can be held from his driving licence if falls in line with any of the given criteria:
S.No Criterion
1 Driving is dangerous to the public.
2 Under the age of 18 yrs.
3 Drunk or addicted to dugs.
4 Illegal driving license.
5 Driving a vehicle with a objectionable history.
Often, people feel exempted on paying challans, only to commit the offences time and again.
Rather, they should take a lesson not to practice the mistake any more. After all this all is for a good
faith for all. "Keeping an Eye on oneself" is indeed the best rule and best penalty.
State Wise - Regional Transport Offices (R.T.O.) Series
To keep a systematic record of the identity of the vehicles and their owners, each vehicle is given a
unique number which is registered in the relevant Transport Authority according to the address of its
owner. Each Transport Authority has been allotted specific series for registration of vehicles so that
the vehicle can be traced to the owner easily and proper record is maintained in respect of each
vehicle. Here is a list of registration numbers series of all the States in India for ready reference.
S.NO State R.T.O. Series
1 Andaman & Nicobar AN-01 to AN-02
2 Andhra Pradesh AP-01 to AP37D
3 Arunachal Pradesh AR-01 to AR-14
4 Assam AS-01 to AS-24
5 Bihar BR-01 to BR-47
6 Chandigarh CH-01
7 Chhattisgarh CG-01 to CG-
8 Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN-09
9 Daman and Diu DD-03 & DD-02
10 Delhi DL-1 to DL-9
11 Goa GA-01 to GA- 02
12 Gujarat GJ-01to GJ-20
13 Haryana HR-01 to HR-51
14 Himachal Pradesh HP-01 to HP-52
15 Jammu and Kashmir JK-01 to JK-14
16 Jharkhand JH-01 to JH-
17 Karnataka KA-01 to KA-40
18 Kerala KL-01to KL-15
19 Lakshadweep LD-01
20 Madhya Pradesh MP-01 to MP-28
21 Maharashtra MH-01 to MH-35
22 Manipur MN-01 to MN-04
23 Meghalaya ML-01 to ML-10
24 Mizoram MZ-01 to MZ-03
25 Mumbai MH-01 to MH-03
26 Nagaland NL-01 to NL-06
27 Orissa OR-01 to OR-18
28 Pondicherry PY-01 to PY-04
29 Punjab PB-01 to PB-56
30 Rajasthan RJ-01 to RJ-30
31 Sikkim SK-01 to SK-03
32 Tamil Nadu TN-01 to TN-74
33 Tripura TR-01 to TR-03
34 Uttar Pradesh UP-01 to UP-96
35 Uttaranchal UA-01 to UA-
36 West Bengal WB-01 to WB-79
Driving License in India
In India the minimum age required for driving is 16 years for motorcycles of 50cc or less and 18 for
all the other vehicles.
Few Points to Remember
· According to the Motor Vehicle Act 1988, a valid Driving Licence is necessary to drive any
motor vehicle on public roads.
· Driving License is issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) of Motor Vehicles
Inspector's Office after the recipient has passed a driving test and has proved the required
age.
· The Driving License in India is segregated as Motorcycle License, Light Motor Vehicle (LMV)
license, and Heavy Motor Vehicle (HMV) License.
· Learner's License is issued after passing a theory test.
· The legislation of Driving License is done through the 'Rules of the Road Regulation' and the
Motor Vehicle Act 1988.
· The driver of the vehicle is required to keep the original copy of the license while driving.
Types of Driving Licenses in India
To drive a motor vehicle in any public place an effective Driving License is necessary. By effective
Driving License it mean license issued to a person authorizing him/her to drive vehicle of that
particular category. There are different types of licenses issued by the RTO offices. Here we will
discuss each of them separately.
1. Learner Driving License
This is a temporary license that is valid up to 6 months from the date of issue. It is basically
issued to learn driving of Motor Vehicles.
2. Permanent Driving License
Permanent driving license is issued to those who become eligible for it after thirty days (to
apply within 180 days) from the date of issue of the learner license. Person suppose to get
permanent driving license should be conversant about the vehicle systems, driving, traffic
rules & regulations.
3. Duplicate Driving License
In case of loss, theft, or on mutilation, Duplicate License is issued. The documents to be
produced are FIR of the lost license, challan clearance report from RTA Office (in case of
Commercial licence renewal) and an application in Form LLD. The particulars are verified by
the authority from the records. The duplicate license will have the valid period same as the
previous license. If the license is lost and expired by more than 6 months it requires
permission from Head Quarter of Transport Department.
It is recommended to keep a photocopy of the original license or particulars of license noted
in order to make it easier for the issuing authority to locate the particulars from their
record.
4. International Driving License
The motor licensing authority also issues International Driving License. The validity of this
license is for one year. Person visiting the country is required to collect the license from
there within one year period. Apart from address proof and birth certificate, one has to
produce a valid passport and valid visa while applying.
5. Motorcyle License or Two-wheeler License
Two-wheeler license is issued by the Regional Transport Authority (RTO) to permit driving of
only two-wheeler vehicles like bike, scooter and moped.
6. Light Motor Vehicle License (LMV)
Light Motor Vehicle License is issued to drive light vehicles like auto rickshaws, motor car,
jeep, taxi, three-wheeler delivery vans, etc.
7. Heavy Motor Vehicle License (HMV)
Heavy Motor Vehicle License is issued to drive heavy vehicles like trucks, buses, tourist
coaches, cranes, goods carriages, etc. A person with HMV license can drive light vehicles
but Light Motor Vehicle License do not permit to drive heavy vehicles.
Frequently Used Forms at RTO's
Here few frequently used form at RTOs are mentioned so you can download to print and use any of
them.
S.NO Form Number Form's Purpose
1 RTO Form No.1 Physical Fitness
2 RTO Form No.1A Medical Certificate
3 RTO Form No. 2 Application for Learning License
4 RTO Form No. 3 Learner's License
5 RTO Form No. 4 For Permanent License
6 RTO Form No. 9 For Renewal of License
7 RTO Form LLD For Duplicate License
8 RTO Form No. 20 For Registration of Vehicles
9 RTO Form No. 25 For Re- registration of Vehicles
10 RTO Form No. 26 For Duplicate Certificate of Registration
11 RTO Form No. 27 For New Registration from Other State
12 RTO Form No. 28 For No Objection Certificate
13 RTO Form No. 29 For Transfer of Ownership
14 RTO Form No. 30 For Transfer of Ownership
15 RTO Form No. 31 For Death Certificate
16 RTO Form No. 32 For Registration of Public Auction Vehicle
17 RTO Form No. 33 For Address change in Registration
18 RTO Form No. 34 For Hpothecation Endorsement
19 RTO Form No. 35 For Hpothecation Termination
20 RTO Form No. 60 For Income Tax Information
21 RTO Form No. 61 For Income Tax Exemption Case
22 RTO Application- IDP For International Driving Permit
23 RTO Application- PSV For Public Service Vehicle
24 RTO Application - A Form of Application for verification of the
Antecedents
25 Police Report Police Report
26 Character Certificate Form of Verification Character and Antecedents
27 Driving Licence Documentation Driving Licence Documentation

Information collected from Internet.